Internet of things - Explanation and definition of Iot
What is Internet of things - IoT
Internet of things (IoT) is the concept that defines the global network of information and communication in which all the objects around us regardless of their nature, size and geometry is identified and permanently connected to the Internet, allowing the capture, storage and management all the information emitted by those objects in order to automate daily processes and activities in our daily lives and analyze all data generated giving us useful information to help us making the right decision against situations we face daily.
A refrigerator that monitors and manages the expiration date as well as the number of food that we consume automatically performing the purchase order online at our supermarket confidence, self-driven car for any road of the world and place in the nearest parking to the destination without waiting, a smart kitchen to prepare food just before arriving home, intelligent traffic lights that regulate traffic flow of vehicles eliminating the undesirable jams, smart windows are cleaned automatically depending on weather forecasting, these applications and many more will be possible through the internet of things.
Undoubtedly internet of things will be the second digital revolution that will change our lifestyles. Thanks to computer technology developed in the 1960s Internet came into our homes and devices giving unlimited access to services as well as vast amounts of information, on the other hand the development of social networks has enabled us to communicate and socialize with anyone on the planet who is plugged in, all this has changed our habits and customs and has generated new business models, Google, Facebook, Twitter and Yahoo are examples of companies that have found success basing their business in internet.
The development and implementation of the Internet on society is considered by experts as the first digital revolution, the second digital revolution will occur when Internet of things will be part of our lives, experts in the technology sector foresee an economic impact up to 10 times which involved the introduction of the Internet in our homes.
The introduction of internet of things is still a reality, IT software and hardware on which it rests are fully developed and ready to be deployed around the world, technologies like Big data, Business Intelligence, Analytics, Cloud computing, Wearables devices, RFID tags, Optical fiber communications, Wireless, Smart cities, etc ... are examples of available technologies and forming part of the internet of things.
Applications Internet of things.
One of the main advantages of this technology is the ability to be applied to many different sectors and areas such as health, military, productive and service enterprises, agriculture, government, education and training centers, etc. ... sectors around the world will benefit from the many advantages of the use of the internet of things.
The factories that implement internet of things will improve their production processes through the use of information emitted by objects around them, inventories will be fully updated at any time by knowing the number of pieces and their exact location optimizing the cost and logistical process of any company, communication and analysis of data generated between different machines in a production department allow a higher level of automation and improving quality levels and reducing the production cost, the use of sensors on the elements that make up a machine will let you know exactly when you have to make an intervention of replacement or repair, avoiding unnecessary times stops and eliminating additional costs in the maintenance area, on the other hand the information emitted by all these elements serve as feedback to department Engineering being used to improve future designs.
The use of the internet of things in the health sector relies on the use of small devices known as biosensors and traditional sensors which continuously take data about our health such as heart rate, body temperature, frequency respiratory, phases of sleep, stress level or amount of glucose in blood. This will allow doctors have useful information in real time helping to monitor the patient's progress allowing prescribe personalized treatments. These biosensors are present in many everyday devices such as smart watches, bracelets, rings, shirts and even giving us pills and patches continuous monitoring and improvement of our health.
The governments of major cities and countries around the world are investing money, time and effort in the implementation of the internet of things in order to improve basic services offered to its citizens, intelligent lighting systems that adapt with time and meteorology, refuse containers networked cleaning notified when it full improving the rate of collection systems, automatic irrigation systems that maintain an optimal state parks and gardens in the city, sensors located at multiple points in the city collecting information on environmental parameters such as water quality, noise or pollution. Applications and communication systems where citizens are connected directly to police stations or fire may notice regarding any incident, intelligent systems for traffic control and monitoring of public transport, sensors that monitor vibration and status occurs materials that make structures such as bridges, monuments and historic buildings... these and many more services offer smart cities or Smart cities thanks to the internet of things.
The entry of internet of things in our homes radically change our habits and customs, plants of our houses ask us when they need to be watered, the fridge made the purchase of the week, the washer will determine the duration and mode of cleaning in function of the deposited clothing, winter radiators and heaters will become operational when our house reaches a certain temperature and in summer fans and air conditioners automatically connect, bathtubs preparing your bubble bath just before arriving home, cooking pots food when you want ... Undoubtedly internet of things will change our lifestyles.
Today we have devices and technologies that make a reality internet of things, companies from all planet likes of Google, Apple, Microsoft, BMW, Ford or Sony invest large amounts of money in developing new products may be are connected to the Internet, but we have a great challenge to solve, first software programmers working on developing strong security measures to prevent access and manipulation of these objects at the hands of third parties, on the other hand is open the discussion on the degree of privacy offered by these devices and the use of the information generated, finally the increasingly heavy dependence of our economies and lifestyles to information technologies doing necessary to develop contingency plans in order to avoid economic and social crisis if occur an "electronic blackout". No doubt these challenges will be solved by having internet of things improve our quality of life.
History of the Internet of things.
The origins of the Internet of things date back to 1969 when the first ARPANET computer network connection established communication between Stanford and UCLA, this milestone was the seed that germinated Internet we know today and used daily.
In 1990 John Hacket Romkey and Simon developed the first object with Internet connection, your smart toaster could be controlled remotely via any computer can turn it on or turn it off so as to determine the toasting time.
The concept of Internet of things was initially introduced by engineer Bill Joy in 1999 when deepened on potential applications resulting from the established communication between two devices connected through the Internet and can automate and control millions of processes and activities that develop daily.
But it took 10 years until the British Kevin Ashton first coined the name of internet of things thanks to the article in the RFID Journal on July 12, 2009. In that article Kevin Ashton introduced the concept of connecting all things around us in order to be able to count them, know their position or status at any time and give us information about the environment around them. Kevin Ashton developed this idea in 1998 when he worked in the use of RFID tags that will optimize the supply chain process within the multinational P & G.
In 2006 about 2000 million of electronic devices such as computers, laptops, mobile phones, game consoles ... were connected to Internet.
In 2008-2009 born Internet of things according to the study published in April 2011 by the technology company Cisco, in this study indicate that during this period the number of electronic devices connected to the Internet surpassed the number of inhabitants planet earth.
In 2011 the Internet Protocol IPv6 presents whereby can identify a total of 2128 addresses with IPv6 technology without any problem could identify each of the atoms that make up our planet earth, this allows us to identify and codify all objects which exist and which were manufactured in millions of years.
Predictions indicate that in 2020 about 50,000 million electronic devices will be connected to Internet, generating a turnover of 10 billion dollars and radically changing our lifestyles.
Now that you know what is Internet of things you will understand the phrase of Hans Vestberg (CEO of a technology multinational) pronounced: "If a person connect to Internet changes his life, but if are the objects that are connected is the changing the world. "
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