Smartphone - Explanation and definition of smartphone
What is a Smartphone
It is called Smartphone to the family of cell phones that have a hardware and a proprietary operating system capable of performing tasks and functions similar to desktop computers or laptops, adding to your extra functionality to make and receive calls and messages telephone. Smartphones are considered as technological evolution classic cell phones.
The first Smartphones differed from mobiles adding extra features like personal organizers included in the phones, organizers like notepad, a calendar to write down appointments, meetings and alarm manager for receiving and sending electronic mail (email), a QWERTY keyboard that facilitated the writing on the phone, etc. These phones gave a technological step in order to resemble certain features that only the desktop computers and laptops of that time could run, but with the advantage of having a small easily transportable device.
With time and technological development in recent years, Smartphones have a number of features and extra features that clearly distinguish them from conventional phones, features like:
They have an app for sending and receiving emails and manage multiple email accounts.
They have a suite of focused to make personal organizer functions such as calendars, reminders and alerts, notebook... which can communicate and synchronize with other computers, tablets and mobile applications.
Have an Internet connection, thanks to 3G and 4G network that can surf the net as if we connect from a desktop computer.
You can read, edit and play a large family of files such as spreadsheets, text editors, multimedia video and music files, etc.
Allow downloading and running applications (app) developed by third parties which broaden new features, for example, games, photo retouching, e-book readers, GPS navigators...
Have a physical or digital touch QWERTY keyboard that enables and facilitates writing data on the phone.
Finally and most important feature has an operating system able to perform all the functions described above. iOS from Apple, Android from Google or Windows by Microsoft are examples of operating systems designed and programmed to work at our Smartphones as a pocket computer.
A part of the functionality described above, today Smartphone’s manufactures include in their models high resolution cameras that allow us to take pictures, record videos and make video in Hd, gps receivers that allow us to know with accuracy the location and route from anywhere in the world, gyroscopes, accelerometers, proximity and brightness sensors and sensors for fingerprint identification...
With the philosophy described above Smartphones are based on the principle that the phone does not serve only to call and write messages, now we can check any website, you can read and edit any spreadsheet or text editor, can download and play a movie or a music album, you can use it as a GPS navigator while driving, you can photograph or make a video in HD at any time, you can control the TV lounge like a remote control... Now your phone have a computer with high computing power in a small and easily transportable space.
History of the Smartphone
The start of the telephone conversation began in 16 August 1876 when the scientist and inventor Graham Bell made the first phone call between two villages located 10 km away. Later in 1973 Martin Cooper made the first phone call from a cell phone doing reallity of this new technology that would allow us to communicate anywhere in the world.
20 years after the first call made with a mobile, in 1993 the company IBM launched the first Smartphone officially recognized under the name "Simon", this phone is ahead of its time incorporating a touch screen PDA, calendar, notepad, calculator, clock, games, email, even allowed the receipt and sending FAX.
During the later years of the 90s and early 2000s launched mobile manufacturers to market various models of Smartphones without achieving success and desired market penetration resulting in expensive and with little value to consumers, but in 2007 Apple introduces a device to the whole world, his famous iPhone revolutionizing the concept of Smartphone by adding a color touch screen, excellent Internet connection and a really useful applications for consumers, all accompanied by a great experience of use any cellphone ever acquired by its success broke all sales records forecasted becoming the market leader for Smartphones.
During the following years companies like Samsung, LG or Nokia designed and manufactured his Smartphones under Android operating system competing directly with the unbeatable iPhone and flooding the market with a wide range of Smartphones.
The future of Smartphones passes to converge and unify the computer, tablet and cell phone in one gadget capable of developing any type of task and work with any type of software, based on an operating system with artificial intelligence that allows us to interact with him in order to make more easy our daily life, can you imagine doing the weekly shopping with to your Smartphone simply ask?. On the other hand their future will be closely linked with the use of graphene as a base material of manufacture.
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